PHP设计模式 - 迭代器模式

迭代器模式 (Iterator),又叫做游标(Cursor)模式。提供一种方法访问一个容器(Container)对象中各个元素,而又不需暴露该对象的内部细节。

当你需要访问一个聚合对象,而且不管这些对象是什么都需要遍历的时候,就应该考虑使用迭代器模式。另外,当需要对聚集有多种方式遍历时,可以考虑去使用迭代器模式。迭代器模式为遍历不同的聚集结构提供如开始、下一个、是否结束、当前哪一项等统一的接口。

php标准库(SPL)中提供了迭代器接口 Iterator,要实现迭代器模式,实现该接口即可。

 

<?php
class sample implements Iterator {
    private $_items ;

    public function __construct(&$data) {
        $this->_items = $data;
    }
    public function current() {
        return current($this->_items);
    }

    public function next() {
        next($this->_items);   
    }

    public function key() {
        return key($this->_items);
    }

    public function rewind() {
        reset($this->_items);
    }

    public function valid() {                                                                              
        return ($this->current() !== FALSE);
    }
}

// client
$data = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
$sa = new sample($data);
foreach ($sa AS $key => $row) {
    echo $key, ‘ ‘, $row, ‘<br />‘;
}
/* 输出:
0 1
1 2
2 3
3 4
4 5 */

//Yii FrameWork Demo
class CMapIterator implements Iterator {
/**
* @var array the data to be iterated through
*/
    private $_d;
/**
* @var array list of keys in the map
*/
    private $_keys;
/**
* @var mixed current key
*/
    private $_key;

/**
* Constructor.
* @param array the data to be iterated through
*/
    public function __construct(&$data) {
        $this->_d=&$data;
        $this->_keys=array_keys($data);
    }

/**
* Rewinds internal array pointer.
* This method is required by the interface Iterator.
*/
    public function rewind() {                                                                                 
        $this->_key=reset($this->_keys);
    }

/**
* Returns the key of the current array element.
* This method is required by the interface Iterator.
* @return mixed the key of the current array element
*/
    public function key() {
        return $this->_key;
    }

/**
* Returns the current array element.
* This method is required by the interface Iterator.
* @return mixed the current array element
*/
    public function current() {
        return $this->_d[$this->_key];
    }

/**
* Moves the internal pointer to the next array element.
* This method is required by the interface Iterator.
*/
    public function next() {
        $this->_key=next($this->_keys);
    }

/**
* Returns whether there is an element at current position.
* This method is required by the interface Iterator.
* @return boolean
*/
    public function valid() {
        return $this->_key!==false;
    }
}

$data = array(‘s1‘ => 11, ‘s2‘ => 22, ‘s3‘ => 33);
$it = new CMapIterator($data);
foreach ($it as $row) {
    echo $row, ‘<br />‘;
}

/* 输出:
11
22
33 */
?>

 

PHP设计模式 - 迭代器模式

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/taozi32/p/9226824.html

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